What are study items and CEFR skill levels?

The core of a study item is usually a word, but it can also be another unit of language, such as an expression or an abbreviation. The study item also includes a pronunciation sample and an example sentence which provides a natural context for the study item. The example sentences have grammatical constructions suitable for the skill level as well as phrases that are useful in themselves.

Learning study items permanently with WordDive creates a basis for better language skills as follows:


CEFR level

Language skills



You don't know things permanently. Your working memory is struggling with vocabulary, pronunciation, spelling, meanings and conjugations.

You feel unsure and left out in quickly changing situations and only catch the thread of conversations afterwards.



You got off to a good start and can find your way on a tourist trip. Congratulations!



You can use the language in typical situations.



You are independent and can work using the new language.


C1 and C2

You are a skillful language user. Your focus is on expanding your professional vocabulary, learning terms relevant to your hobbies etc.

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is a widely used six-level scale for describing the development of foreign language skills. The steps between levels get longer toward the end of the scale. Levels A1 and A2 can be reached relatively quickly, but not even all native speakers are on level C2.

Familiarity with the CEFR levels is helpful especially when looking for a suitable course or learning material. It also helps to be able to describe one's CEFR skill level in a job application.

To reach full competency on any skill level, you will also need to use the language actively in some way in addition to WordDive practice.

WordDive will get you to a level where you can put your new language to use as quickly as possible. When you use the language, you will progress even faster.

What is permanent learning?